Deploy (always running) Jupyter (ipython) Notebook server (remote access) in Linux auto start when you start your machine (using supervisor in Linux)
I use Ubuntu and it works. red colored words can be run in shell $ command
first, you need the ipython, you can pip, like $pip install jupyter notebook, if you don’t have pip, install it using $apt-get install python-pip
But I use Anaconda, I guess its the basic for a data scientist using Python, even an amateur, just go to their website https://www.continuum.io/downloads
in Linux shell, choose a directory you’d like to save your download files, wget the installer.
e.g. $wget https://repo.continuum.io/archive/Anaconda2-4.4.0-Linux-x86_64.sh
then install, but you have to make your downloaded file executable (don’t forget the ‘.’ before ‘/’) $ ./chmod 777 Anaconda2-4.4.0-Linux-x86_64.sh
run the installer $ ./Anaconda2-4.4.0-Linux-x86_64.sh
Next, set up notebook
- generate config file for the notebook : in shell $ jupyter notebook – – generate-config
remember the path of yours machine returns, will be used later
- to get a encrypted password, open ipython $ ipython
In : from notebook.auth import passwd In : passwd() Enter password: Verify password: Out: 'sha1:a1a7e6611365:4db3c012ed2dc11a6348c7a79d9e881e6992fc07'
save the ‘sha1:a…’ in somewhere, like in a txt to be used later, exit()
- edit the config generated in the earlier step (use vi, vim, nano …), e.g $ vim /home/iri/.jupyter/jupyter_notebook_config.py
c = get_config() c.IPKernelApp.pylab = 'inline' c.NotebookApp.ip='*' c.NotebookApp.password = 'sha1:ce23d945972f:34769685a7ccd3d08c84a18c63968a41f1140274' c.NotebookApp.open_browser = False c.NotebookApp.port = 1314 #any port you like c.NotebookApp.notebook_dir = '/home/notebook' #the directory you set, where jupyter notebook starts
save and exit
- find your machine’s ip using $ ifconfig
- to verify, execute $jupyter notebook
keep $jupyter notebook running, open a browser on another machine, put url, http://(the ip of your server machine):1314 e.g. in internal network (machines using the same wifi), http://192.168.1.112:1314, enter password (the password you input earlier in ipython to get ‘sha1:…’, the you will land to your jupyter notebook.
if you are deploying a server, e.g. in AWS, you can access your jupyter notebook from anywhere of our planet, by inputting your server’s public IP and the port you set for the notebook, e.g. mine is http://shichaoji.com:520
Here why mine starts from https:// , because I use ssh certificate, it is optional but using certificate will be safer, especially deploying to public
note: if encounter error like Permission denied: ‘/run/user/1000/jupyter’
solution: $ unset XDG_RUNTIME_DIR
optional, add a certificate (from http to https)
- in shell, do $ openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:1024 -keyout mycert.pem -out mycert.pem
you can press ‘enter’ through the end, and it will generate a certificate file mycert.pem
- copy the generated certificate file to a directory $ cp mycert.pem /(some_ directory), e.g. $ cp mycert.pem /home/iri/.jupyter
- add another line to the config file, e.g. , $ nano/home/iri/.jupyter/jupyter_notebook_config.py
- run notebook $ jupyter notebook
- go from another computer (proceed any security warning), https://192.168.1.112:1314
Deployment, auto start when you start your machine, better do below as root, if will be running forever in servers like in AWS
- install supervisor, as root or sudoer, $ apt-get install supervisor
- go to the config directory of supervisor (where it installed), $ cd /etc/supervisor/conf.d/
- create and edit a config file : $ vim deploy.conf (name whatever but with .conf)
[program:notebook] command = /home/iri/anaconda2/bin/jupyter notebook user = iri # the user you install jupyter notebook directory = /home/notebook autostart = true autorestart = true logfile= /home/notebook/book.log # log
command —- the directory you install python/command
user —- the user you install python in the earlier step
directory —- the same directory in the jupyter notebook config file, where it starts
autostart —- run jupyter notebook when the machine starts
autorestart —- restart jupyter notebook if the program fails
- final step, in shell, as root, run $ service supervisor restart
- you can check status as root , run $ supervisorctl, then command supervisor> status, supervisor> help to get commands
Thanks! good stuff!
but I think there is a typo in set up notebook section, instead of one dash it should be two dashes sign before –generate-config.
Thanks, good catch!